POPULAR SCIENCE - ​​​​​Grades 8 & 9


  1. Mechanics: Concepts of motion, forces, and Newton's laws of motion.
  2. Energy: Understanding different forms of energy, conservation of energy, and energy transformations.
  3. Waves: Properties of waves, types of waves, and wave behavior.
  4. Optics: Light and its properties, reflection, refraction, and lenses.
  5. Electricity: Basics of electric circuits, Ohm's law, and electrical safety.
  6. Magnetism: Properties of magnets, magnetic fields, and electromagnetic induction.
  7. Thermodynamics: Laws of thermodynamics, heat transfer, and thermal properties of matter.
  8. Sound: Properties of sound waves, sound propagation, and its applications.
  9. Modern Physics: An introduction to quantum mechanics and relativity.
  10. Nuclear Physics: Basics of nuclear reactions, radioactivity, and nuclear energy.
  11. Astronomy: Introduction to the solar system, stars, and galaxies.
  12. Scientific Instruments: Understanding and using scientific instruments like microscopes and telescopes.


  1. Atomic Structure: Fundamentals of atomic structure, subatomic particles, and the periodic table.
  2. Chemical Bonding: Types of chemical bonds and their properties.
  3. Chemical Reactions: Types of chemical reactions, balancing equations, and reaction rates.
  4. Acids and Bases: Properties of acids and bases, pH scale, and neutralization reactions.
  5. States of Matter: Understanding different states of matter (solid, liquid, gas) and phase changes.
  6. Organic Chemistry: Basics of organic compounds and their properties.
  7. Chemical Equilibrium: Understanding reversible reactions and dynamic equilibrium.
  8. Environmental Chemistry: Examining chemical processes affecting the environment.


  1. Cells and Cell Functions: Understanding cell structure, organelles, and their functions.
  2. Genetics and Heredity: Basic concepts of genetics, inheritance, and genetic variation.
  3. Human Anatomy and Physiology: In-depth study of human body systems, organ functions, and homeostasis.
  4. Ecosystems and Biodiversity: Exploring ecological interactions, food chains, and energy flow in ecosystems.
  5. Evolution: Mechanisms of evolution, evidence for evolution, and its impact on biodiversity.