POPULAR SCIENCE - ​​​​​​Grades 10, 11 & 12


  1. Mechanics: Advanced concepts of motion, forces, and Newton's laws of motion.
  2. Energy and Work: Understanding different forms of energy, work, and power.
  3. Waves and Optics: Properties of waves, interference, diffraction, and optical instruments.
  4. Electromagnetism: Understanding electric and magnetic fields, electromagnetic induction, and electromagnetic waves.
  5. Thermodynamics: Laws of thermodynamics, heat transfer, and thermodynamic cycles.
  6. Modern Physics: Introduction to quantum mechanics, atomic models, and particle physics.
  7. Relativity: Special and general theory of relativity.
  8. Oscillations and Waves: Understanding simple harmonic motion and wave phenomena.
  9. Electric Circuits: Advanced concepts in electric circuits, including AC circuits and impedance.
  10. Nuclear Physics: Fundamentals of nuclear reactions, radioactivity, and nuclear energy.
  11. Astrophysics: Study of celestial bodies, cosmology, and the universe.
  12. Fluid Mechanics: Understanding fluid properties, flow, and Bernoulli's principle.


  1. Atomic Structure and Periodic Properties: In-depth study of atomic structure, quantum numbers, and periodic trends.
  2. Chemical Bonding: Advanced concepts of chemical bonding, hybridization, and molecular orbital theory.
  3. Chemical Equilibrium: Understanding reversible reactions, Le Chatelier's principle, and equilibrium constants.
  4. Thermodynamics: Enthalpy, entropy, and Gibbs free energy in chemical reactions.
  5. Acids and Bases: Properties of acids and bases, pH scale, and acid-base titrations.
  6. Redox Reactions: Balancing redox equations and electrochemical cells.
  7. Organic Chemistry: In-depth study of organic compounds, functional groups, and reaction mechanisms.
  8. Environmental Chemistry: Analyzing chemical processes affecting the environment.


  1. Cell Biology: Advanced understanding of cell structure, organelles, and cellular processes.
  2. Genetics and Biotechnology: Advanced concepts in genetics, DNA technology, and genetic engineering.
  3. Physiology: In-depth study of human physiology and regulatory mechanisms in the body.
  4. Evolution and Ecology: Mechanisms of evolution, evidence for evolution, and ecological interactions.
  5. Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering: Applications of biotechnology, genetic engineering, and ethical considerations.