MATHEMATICS  Grades 8 & 9

Number Systems:
 Rational and irrational numbers.
 Operations with exponents and scientific notation.
 Understanding square roots and cube roots. 
Algebra:
 Solving linear equations and inequalities with one variable.
 Systems of equations with two variables.
 Factoring quadratic expressions. 
Geometry:
 Properties of angles and triangles (e.g., Pythagorean theorem, special triangles).
 Similarity and congruence of figures.
 Trigonometry basics (sine, cosine, tangent) for rightangled triangles. 
Coordinate Geometry:
 Plotting and analyzing points on the coordinate plane.
 Calculating distance and midpoint between two points. 
Data Analysis and Probability:
 Advanced data interpretation from various types of graphs and charts.
 Calculating probability for independent and dependent events. 
Functions:
 Understanding basic concepts of functions (domain, range, mapping).
 Graphing linear and exponential functions. 
Statistics:
 Measures of central tendency and variability for large datasets.
 Constructing and interpreting boxandwhisker plots. 
Ratios, Proportions, and Percentages:
 Solving problems involving proportions and percentages.
 Applications of percentage increase and decrease. 
Real Numbers and Operations:
 Understanding properties of real numbers (associative, commutative, distributive).
 Solving problems involving mixed operations with real numbers. 
Word Problems and Applications:
 Complex word problems involving multiple concepts and operations.
 Applying mathematical skills to reallife scenarios and practical situations.