  MATHEMATICS - ​​​​Grades 8 & 9

1. Number Systems:
- Rational and irrational numbers.
- Operations with exponents and scientific notation.
- Understanding square roots and cube roots.
2. Algebra:
- Solving linear equations and inequalities with one variable.
- Systems of equations with two variables.
3. Geometry:
- Properties of angles and triangles (e.g., Pythagorean theorem, special triangles).
- Similarity and congruence of figures.
- Trigonometry basics (sine, cosine, tangent) for right-angled triangles.
4. Coordinate Geometry:
- Plotting and analyzing points on the coordinate plane.
- Calculating distance and midpoint between two points.
5. Data Analysis and Probability:
- Advanced data interpretation from various types of graphs and charts.
- Calculating probability for independent and dependent events.
6. Functions:
- Understanding basic concepts of functions (domain, range, mapping).
- Graphing linear and exponential functions.
7. Statistics:
- Measures of central tendency and variability for large datasets.
- Constructing and interpreting box-and-whisker plots.
8. Ratios, Proportions, and Percentages:
- Solving problems involving proportions and percentages.
- Applications of percentage increase and decrease.
9. Real Numbers and Operations:
- Understanding properties of real numbers (associative, commutative, distributive).
- Solving problems involving mixed operations with real numbers.
10. Word Problems and Applications:
- Complex word problems involving multiple concepts and operations.
- Applying mathematical skills to real-life scenarios and practical situations.